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Although we may carry genetic factors for many eye conditions, it is thought that we can delay or in some cases prevent the manifestation of many conditions by leading a healthy lifestyle. Some of the eye conditions that can be genetically inherited are:
- Myopia (Short Sightedness): This condition is usually due to the eyeball being a little too big in size or the lens in the eye being slightly too fat. The chances are, if your parents are fairly short sighted, you could also develop this condition. Our optometrists will diagnose this condition through a routine eye examination and provide general advice and support on its management.
- Glaucoma: Damage occurs to the optic nerve due to a variety of causes, a common one being raised eye pressure.
- Cataracts: The chances are that if there is a history of cataracts in the family, you have a higher risk of also developing them.
- Macular Degeneration: Although this condition can be genetically inherited, other factors such as age, diet and the environment also contribute to the onset. The good news is that there is tremendous research being poured into this devastating condition by our leading hospitals. The technology to detect, diagnose and monitor the condition has also improved significantly (see OCT). Also, the newer treatments available for certain types of macular degeneration have been sight saving. For others, the ongoing research is diet related and latest studies have isolated certain vitamins that could be beneficial. Our optometrists can discuss these with you.